According to a report published in March of 2016 by the Brewers Association in 2015 the number of operating breweries in the U.S. grew 15 percent, totaling 4,269 breweries—the most at any time in American history. Add to that the report that was just published on April 4 that American Craft Beer Exports exceed $121 million and it’s obvious, beer is in style and the demand for craft beer is growing.
Today, there are just over 5,300 breweries operating. Small and independent craft brewers represent 12.3% of the market share by volume. In 2016 new brewery openings totaled 826 compared to closings at 97.
Attain Accurate Temperature Control with a Brewery Chiller
There are a few keys to successful beer brewing: water, yeast, malt, sanitation, patience and temperature control. By controlling the temperature, you are further along in guaranteeing yourself the product you intended and your product and money are not sent down the drain because they are ruined.
Using a chiller takes the guesswork out of the equation and allows you to focus your time and effort on other parts of the process Breweries, Microbreweries, Brewpubs and Regional Breweries use chillers to maintain the quality of their product and to maximize beer production.
Sizing a Brewery Chiller
In order to calculate the size of the Brewery Chiller you require, a few other calculations must be determined first. Let’s start with the bbl, which is the number of barrels your brewery is able to produce. If you are able to produce 20 barrels at one time, you have a 20 barrel system (bbl). If you are able to produce 10 barrels in one shot, you have a 10 bbl. Seems simple enough.
Next you need to determine the pull down aka crashing. Pull down occurs when the temperature of your vessel drops (other than wort cold crash). This is normally the largest influence in determining the size of the required chiller. In addition to bbl and pull down, there are a few factors you must know before you begin:
- The size of your tanks
- Temperature Differential
- Length of time to achieve desired temperature
Calculate the Pull Down Loads
- Calculate the volume in gallons of your tanks
(1 bbl = 31 gallons)
ex: 9 bbl tank = 279 gallons
Use the assumption we have four, 9 bbl tanks
279 x 4 = 1,116 gallons
- Multiply the total gallons by 8.33 to get the total pounds
ex: 1,116 x 8.33 = 9,296.28 pounds
- Multiply the total pounds by your temperature difference
This is often 75°F – 34°F = 41°F
ex: 9,296.28 x 41 = 381,147.48 Total BTU
- Divide by the hours of your pull down
ex: 381,147.48 /18 = 21,174.86 (BTU/HR)
(381,147.48/24 = 15,881.145 (BTU/HR if your pull down is 24 hours)
This is the BTU/HR required for your pull down process. It is not uncommon for brewers to add 10 – 15% to this number to accommodate for extra heat being added by the pumps, unexplained heat loss or other inefficiencies.
Calculate the Heat Load for Active Fermentation
- Multiply the total bbl’s (total barrels) by 15 bricks.
ex: 36 bbl’s x 15 = 540 bricks
- Multiply by 280 BTU
ex: 540 bricks x 280 BTU = 151,200 BTU
- Divide by 70 Hours
70 hours is typically the amount of time that the majority of heat gain from yeast occurs, even if/when the fermentation period is longer than 75 hours.
ex: 151,200/70 = 2,160 BTU/HR
This is the TOTAL BTU/HR’s Needed for Active Fermentation
Add the pull down load and the active fermentation load together for the total BTU/HR load
ex: 21,174.86 (BTU/HR) + 2,160 BTU/HR = 23,334.86 BTU/HR
For this example, a chiller capable of providing a minimum of 23,335 BTU/HR @28°F Leaving Glycol Temperature would be required.
It is critical that the chiller you are purchasing is sized correctly. Chillers in the United States are sized by horsepower or tonnage. Regardless, it is imperative that the chiller also factors in the glycol percentage. Normally gylcol percentages are 30% o 40% glycol to water depending upon the lowest outdoor temperature or 28°F (whichever is lowest). Propylene glycol requires more surface area in the heat exchanger than water.